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authority records
Person

Miriam Clavir

  • Person
  • [ca. 195-] -

Dr. Miriam Lisa Clavir was the Senior Conservator of the Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia and Associate of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of British Columbia from 1980 to 2004. In 1969, she obtained her bachelor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto, Ontario, in 1976 her masters in Art Conservation at Queen’s University, Kingston Ontario, and in 1998 her doctorate in Museum Studies from the University of Leicester. In addition, Miriam Clavir was received as a Member of the Canadian Association of Professional Conservators in 1987 and as a Professional Associate of the American Institute for Conservation in 1993.

Prior to employment at the University of British Columbia, Clavir was an assistant conservator at Parks Canada, National Historic Sites Service, Quebec Region from 1976 to 1980, a conservation assistant for Parks Canada from 1973 to 1976, and an assistant for the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto in the Archaeology and Conservation Department from 1969 to 1972.

During her employment at the Museum of Anthropology, Miriam Clavir was involved in the following committees: Ellen Neel’s Thunderbird Pole Committee (2001 to 2004), Aboriginal Relations and Repatriation Committee, (Chair 1996 to 2004); Exhibits Committee (Chair 1997 and 1998); Collections Committee (to 2004); Executive Committee (1995 to 1996), and; Acquisitions Committee (to 2004). In 1982 she chaired the conference “Doing Yourself In? The Artist as Casualty.”

As the head of the Conservation area, Clavir’s responsibilities and functions included:
• Managing the conservation function, including the lab at MOA;
• Initiating and implementing processes, policies and actions to ensure that the collections housed in MOA do not deteriorate;
• Responsibility for teaching museum conservation at UBC, including credit courses, directed studies, and supervising interns and students;
• Ensuring that conservation practices at MOA are sensitive to the concerns of First Nations communities and other groups;
• Performing MOA managerial work not directly associated with conservation (such as chair or a member of committees and/or manages selected MOA projects);
• Responsibility for planning and prioritizing future conservation needs at MOA, with the assistance of other conservation staff;
• Examining objects in MOA travelling exhibits and loans to ensure that artefacts are stable and travel would not endanger their condition;
• Acting as liaison conservator with receiving institutions for MOA objects on loan;
• Supervising and advising staff, students, and Volunteer Associates on conservation questions and issues;
• Providing services to the public on questions in conservation directed to MOA; and,
• Conducting research necessary to support the functions and responsibilities of the Conservation Area and for meeting requirements set in the mandate of the Museum.

As an instructor, Dr. Miriam Clavir taught the following courses: Anthropology 451: The Conservation of Inorganic Materials; Anthropology 452: The Conservation of Organic Materials; Anthropology 431: (1991-1992); Classics 440: Field school (1987); Archival Studies 610: (1983-1988). In addition, she was an instructor for the Continuing Education Department at the University of British Columbia (1986, 1983, 1981). She also supervised conservation interns from 1989 to 1997. Miriam Clavir was also the principal instructor and course organizer for “Collections Care”, University of Victoria Course #HA488D taught at the UBC Museum of Anthropology for the Aboriginal Cultural Stewardship Program. Furthermore, she taught Mus.482 (Conservation) at the Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle (1999, 2000, 2002).

In 1999, Clavir took a leave of absence from the Museum to publish a book based on her Ph.D. thesis, “Preserving What Is Valued: Museums, Conservation, and First Nations,” (2002) which won the 2002 Outstanding Achievement Award in the Conservation Category from the Canadian Museums Association. The book discusses the profession and ethics of museum conservation, and how conservation ideas and practices contrast with the values and concerns of First Nations.

She is also credited with numerous independent journal articles. Among these: “Museum Changes to First Nations Objects, and their Physical and Conceptual Reversibility” (1999); “The Future of Ethnographic Conservation: A Canadian Perspective” (2001) and “Heritage Preservation: Museum Conservation and First Nations Perspectives” (2003).

Miriam Clavir retired as Senior Conservator at the Museum of Anthropology in 2004.

Anthony Shelton

  • Person
  • [19-?] -

Anthony Shelton became the Director of the Museum of Anthropology (MOA) at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in August 2004. As of May 2017, Shelton remains in this position. A researcher, curator, teacher and administrator, his interests include Latin American, Iberian and African visual cultures, Surrealism, the history of collecting, and critical museology. Before coming to UBC he held curatorial positions at the British Museum, The Royal Pavilion, Art Gallery and Museum’s Brighton, the Horniman Museum, London, and academic appointments at the University of Sussex, University College, London and the University of Coimbra. He has been the Portuguese representative to ASEMUS (Asia-Europe Museums Network), and sat on the international advisory boards for the construction and development of the Humboldt Forum, Berlin and the Asian Cultural Complex, Gwangju.

Dr. Shelton has published extensively in the areas of visual culture, critical museology, history of collecting and various aspects of Mexican cultural history. His works include Art, Anthropology, and Aesthetics (with J. Coote eds. 19, 1992); Museums and Changing Perspectives of Culture (1995); Fetishism: Visualizing Power and Desire (1995); Collectors: Individuals and Institutions (2001); Collectors: Expressions of Self and Others (2001).

Dr. Shelton received Doctorate and Masters degrees from Oxford University, and a Bachelors degree from the University of Hull.

Grace McCarthy

  • Person
  • 1927 -

Canadian politician.
Leader of the BC Social Credit Party 1993 - 1994.
Member of the BC Legislative Assembly for Vancouver - Little Mountain, 1966 - 1972 and 1975 - 1991.
First woman in Canada to serve as Deputy Premier (1975)

James Hugh Faulkner

  • Person
  • 1933 - 2016

Canadian politician, in office 1965 - 1979.

Jules Léger

  • Person
  • 1913 - 1980

Governor General of Canada from January 14, 1974 - January 22, 1979.

Jeffrey Johnson

  • Person
  • ca. 1897 - [19--?]

Jeffrey Johnson was born in approximately 1897. He was Chief Hanamuk of the Fireweed House of the Gitxsan people.

William Jeffrey

  • Person
  • 1899 - [19--?]

Chief William Jeffrey was a hereditary Tsimshian Chief, born in 1899 near Lax Kw'alaams, British Columbia. Alongside Chief William Beynon and two others, he co-founded the Native Brotherhood of British Columbia in 1931. In 1940 he appeared before the House of Commons to advocate improvements to Indigenous education, the recognition of Indigenous rights, and the decriminalization of the potlach. In 1953 Jeffrey became a minister of Jehovah's Witnesses. Jeffrey began carving totem poles and replicas in 1960.

Henry Hunt

  • Person
  • 1923 - 1985

Henry Hunt was a Kwakwaka'wakw carver and artist. He was born on October 16, 1923 in Tsaxis (Fort Rupert), British Columbia in 1923. He is the descendent of ethnographer George Hunt and the son-in-law of Mungo Martin. He originally started work as a logger and fisherman, but he moved to Victoria in 1954 to become Mungo Martin's chief assistant in the Thunderbird Park carving program. Hunt became Master Carver at the British Columbia Provincial Museum in 1962, where he remained until 1974. He died on March 13, 1985 in Victoria, British Columbia.

E. Polly Hammer

  • Person
  • [19--] -

E. Polly Hammer graduated from Bethany Nazarene College (now Southern Nazarene University) with a BA in Biology. In 1969 she graduated from the University of Colorado with an MA in Anthropology with an Archaeology focus and a Palaeontology minor. Hammer taught at the University of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba from 1970 to 1974.

Hilary M. Stewart

  • Person
  • November 3, 1924 - June 5, 2014

Author and artist Hilary Majendie Stewart was born on November 3, 1924 in St. Lucia, West Indies. She attended boarding school in England and served for six years in the armed forces. She studied at St. Martin's School of Art. In 1951, she moved to Canada with her brother, where she worked as an artist for CHEK TV.

Stewart is best known for her illustrations and books on the art, artifacts, and cultures of the First Nations peoples of the Pacific Northwest. She published 11 books over the years, in addition to doing illustrations for publications by other authors. Her 1984 book Cedar received one of the first four B.C. Book Prizes that were presented in 1985. She also received a B.C. Book Prize for her 1987 book John R. Jewitt, Captive of Maquinna.

Stewart was associated with the Archaeological Society of BC for many years. She lived for many years on Quadra Island for 35 years, and later moved to Campbell River. She passed away on June 5, 2014.

Jennifer Kramer

  • Person
  • [19-?] -

Jennifer Kramer is an Associate Professor of Anthropology and Curator, Pacific Northwest at the Museum of Anthropology (MOA) at the University of British Columbia. She received a Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology from Columbia University in 2003. Her research focuses on Northwest Coast First Nations visual culture in regards to aesthetic valuation, commodification, appropriation, tourism, legal regimes, and museums.

Kramer is the author of publications that include Switchbacks: Art, Ownership, and Nuxalk National Identity (UBC Press, 2006), Kesu’: The Art and Life of Doug Cranmer (Douglas & McIntyre Press, 2012) which won the 2012 British Columbia Museums Associations Museums in Motion Award of Merit and co-editor with Charlotte Townsend-Gault and Ki-ke-in of Native Art of the Northwest Coast: A History of Changing Ideas (UBC Press 2013) which received three awards: the 2015 Canada Prize in the Humanities, Federation for Social Sciences and Humanities; the 2015 Jeanne Clark Award in Northern History, Prince George Public Library; and the 2014 Melva J. Dwyer Award, Art Libraries Society of North America – Canadian Chapter. Kramer is also a co-applicant and partner in a $1 million SSHRC CURA grant (2011-2016) to explore new alternatives for the recovery of Indigenous heritage of two Quebecois First Nations: The Ilnu of Mashteuiatsh and the Anishnabeg of Kitigan Zibi.

Kramer's curated temporary exhibitions include: Layers of Influence: Unfolding Cloth across Cultures (UBC Museum of Anthropology, 2016-2017), Beyond the Cap + Gown: 100 Years of UBC Student Clothing with her ANTH 431 university students (IK Barber Learning Commons, UBC 2016), Together Again: Nuxalk Faces of the Sky with her ANTH 431 UBC university students (UBC Museum of Anthropology and the Seattle Art Museum, 2012-2013), Kesu’: The Art and Life of Doug Cranmer (UBC Museum of Anthropology, The Museum at Campbell River, The U’mista Cultural Centre, 2012-2013) and the The Story of Nulis – a Kwakwaka’wakw Imas Mask (UBC Museum of Anthropology, 2010-2012).

Gordon Miller

  • Person
  • 1932 -

Gordon Miller is a freelance artist who currently lives and works in Vancouver, BC. Miller was born in Winnipeg in 1932 and attended the Vancouver School of Art from 1950 to 1955. In 1977 he began working as a freelance artist, illustrator, and graphic designer, completing major contracts for the UBC Museum of Anthropology, Royal British Columbia Museum, and National Film Board. He also produced illustrations for the UBC Press, Canadian Geographic, Readers Digest, Historical Atlas of Canada, Parks Canada, and the Canadian Museum of Civilization. An avid sailor since his youth, historical sailing ships and maritime scenes are the subject of much of Miller’s artwork.

Gordon Miller has completed a number of commissions for the UBC Museum of Anthropology including contracts for creating large watercolour illustrative panels, many of which were meant to recontextualize material objects from the museum’s collection by showing them in their historical context being used for their original functions.

Henry Young

  • Person
  • 1871-1968

Henry Young is known as one of the last traditionally trained Haida historians from Skidegate, a Haida community in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia. The Haida Gwaii Museum at Qay'llnagaay’s Oral History Collection fonds includes recorded interviews with Henry Young and Ernie Wilson, a Haida chief (https://www.memorybc.ca/haida-gwaii-museum-at-qayllnagaay-oral-history-collection) . A recording made by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in 1956 of Susan Williams, Henry Young and Mary Davison singing is also held at the Royal BC Museum Archives (http://search-bcarchives.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/haida-indian-songs-1956). Also refer to Haida Gwaii : human history and environment from the time of loon to the time of the iron people (2005, UBC Press) edited by Daryl W. Fedje and Rolf W. Mathewes, specifically Chapter 8, which includes a section on Henry Young and his son James Young. The book is available in the Museum of Anthropology Reading Room, call number 12.7c HAI FED 2005. Many of Henry Young’s Haida stories were the inspiration for Bill Reid’s artwork. Bill Reid dedicated his book, The Raven Steals the Light (1984), to Young, the man who first told him about the myths (http://theravenscall.ca/en/who/life_story/print).

George Myers

  • Person
  • September 10, 1983 - [?]

According to the publication Chilcotin: Preserving Pioneer Memories (available at UBC Libraries), George Myers “was a unique individual, born at Riske Creek [originally Chilcoten and also Chilcot], British Columbia on September 10, 1983. He lived to be 95, riding his racehorse in local competition well into his eighties… He worked around the country on ranches… He was honoured as a medicine man among his people... He was buried on the Stone Reserve.”

Ida Halpern

  • Person
  • 17 July 1910 – 7 February 1987

Dr. Ida Halpern was an Austrian-born Canadian musicologist who studied the Kwakwa̱ka̱̕wakw, Nuu-chah-nulth,Tlingit, Haida, and Coast Salish communities.

Roy James Hanuse

  • Person
  • 1943-2007

Roy James Hanuse was a Kwakwaka'wakw artist known for working in the traditional Kwakwaka'wakw style. Roy was born in 1943 in Bella Bella and lived at Rivers Inlet (Owikeno), British Columbia. Largely self taught, Roy became interested in his cultural heritage while attending school in Alert Bay in the 1950s. He was later inspired by illustrations of the paintings of Mungo Martin and, in 1971, received some instruction from Doug Cranmer. His work has been exhibited and collected in a number of organizations in North America, including Expo 67. Four of his paintings, sold to the University of British Columbia, were published in Audrey Hawthorn's book Kwakiutl Art in 1979. Other highlights from Roy's career included carving a 12-foot totem for the Denver Art Museum in 1972, and carving two totem poles for the Montreal Olympics in 1976. Roy passed away on November 8, 2007.

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