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Abaya Martin

  • Personne
  • ca. 1897-1963

Abaya Martin was a skilled weaver and source of knowledge on ceremonial lore. She features prominently in an Edward S. Curtis photograph of a Tlingit wedding, where she is the bride. This was her first marriage. Her second marriage was to Chief Mungo Martin. She accompanied Mungo while he was working at the University of British Columbia where she wove two Chilkat blankets for the museum. She lived with Mungo in Victoria where he worked on the longhouse and totem poles for Thunderbird Park. She passed away a year after Mungo's death.

Agnes Alfred

  • Personne
  • ca.1890-1992

Agnes Alfred (nee Agnes Bertha Joe), also known as Axuw or Axuwaw. Was a non-literate noble Qwiqwasutinuxw woman from the Kwakwakawakw Nation. She was known in her community as one of the last great storytellers among her peers in the classic oral tradition.

Daisy May Sewid-Smith

  • Personne
  • 1938

Daisy Sewid-Smith (nee Sewid) was born in Alert Bay, BC, on November 28, 1938. Daughter of Chief James Sewid and Flora Violet Alfred, and granddaughter of Agnes Alfred. After graduating school, she took a secretarial course at Vancouver College and worked for the Indian Affairs Branch in Alert Bay. During her time in Alert Bay, she published several articles and books about the prosecution of potlatches and the confiscation and return of artifacts by the Canadian government.
In the late 1970s, her grandmother introduced her to Martine J. de Widerspach-Thor (later Martine J. Reid) with whom she recorded and translated her grandmother’s, Agnes Alfred, memoirs between 1979 and 1985. From then until the late 1990s, they put a hold in their project for personal and work-related reasons. In the late 1990s, they resumed their work, which lead to the publication of the book Paddling to Where I Stand in 2004.
Daisy Sewid-smith is one of the leading linguistic experts in the Kwakwakka’wakw community, teaching the language and developing a method to transcribe it. She wrote a grammar book for the Kwak’wala language. She also translated some of Franz Boas’ texts in the context of land claim issues and contributed to the UN convention on the rights of the child. Sewid-Smith works in the Faculty of Education at the University of Victoria and was a member of the Advisory Council for the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society.

Martine J. Reid

  • Personne
  • [ca. 1950s]

Martine J. Reid (nee de Widerspach-Thor) was born in France. After completing her Master’s thesis on the role of salmon on the nineteenth- and twentieth-century Kwakwaka'wakw communities, she moved to British Columbia. While studying at the University of British Columbia, she started to learn Kwakwala from Katherine Ferry Adams, who introduced her to the language and culture and adopted her into her family in 1978.
From 1976 to 1978 she attended several potlatches in the area of Alert Bay (BC). There, she came in contact with a number of people from the Kwakwakka’wakw communities and with their culture.
In 1981 she defended her doctoral dissertation about the Kwakwakka’wakw hamaca (Man-Eater) ritual.
In the 1970s, she received funding from the Urgent Ethnology Program of the Museum of Man in Ottawa to record languages and customs to prevent their loss. As part of this project, Dr. Reid came in contact with Agnes Alfred (or Axuw or Axuwaw) with whom she travelled to different Kwakwakka’wakw communities to visit Agnes’ family. As part of these visits, Martine got in contact with Agnes’ granddaughter, Daisy Sewid-Smith.
Between 1979 and 1980 and in 1983 and 1985 Daisy and Martine recorded and translated Agnes’ memoirs. From then until the late 1990s, they put a hold in their project for personal and work-related reasons. In the late 1990s, Daisy and Martine resumed their work, which lead to the publication of Paddling to Where I Stand.
Between 1979 and 1983, Martine worked at the Department of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. There, she lectured in the areas of Anthropology, Ethnography, and First Nations studies. She also participated in several art-related projects in the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. She did some consulting projects for the Ministry of Indian and Northern Affairs and for the Native Investment Trade Association.
From 2008 to 2012, she was the Director of Content and Research, and Curator at the Bill Reid Gallery. Then, she became the Honorary Chair of the Bill Reid Foundation.

Mungo Martin

  • Personne
  • 1879-1962

Chief Mungo Martin or Nakapenkem (lit. Potlatch chief "ten times over"), Datsa (lit. "grandfather"), was an important figure in Northwest Coast style art, specifically that of the Kwakwaka'wakw Aboriginal people who live in the area of British Columbia and Vancouver Island. He was a major contributor to Kwakwaka'wakw art, especially in the realm of wood sculpture and painting. He was also known as a singer and songwriter.

Mungo Martin was an important figure in the early history of the Museum of Anthropology. In 1950 and 1951 he worked for the University of British Columbia restoring and carving totem poles. These later stood in Totem Park at UBC and some were later moved into the great hall in the Museum of Anthropology. After this time he is best known for his work at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, where he helped to carve many of the totem poles and house posts that now stand in the park. He worked with several artists who became well-known including Bill Reid, Doug Cranmer, and Henry Hunt.

Gloria Cranmer Webster

  • Personne
  • July 4, 1931

Born in Alert Bay of Kwakwaka'wakw descent, Gloria Cranmer Webster completed high school in Victoria before moving to Vancouver where in 1956 she completed her undergraduate degree in Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. She worked as a counsellor at the Oakalla prison and later at the John Howard society, where she met her future husband, John Webster. She worked for the YWCA as a counsellor in Vancouver, then later as the program director at the Vancouver Indian Centre, before she was hired as an assistant curator by the Museum of Anthropology in 1971. She went on to assist in the development of the U'mista Cultural Centre in Alert Bay. She was heavily involved in the debate over repatriation of cultural items related to the potlatch. She received an honorary doctorate of Law from the University of British Columbia in 1995. She was named an officer in the Order of Canada in 2017.

Tom Price

  • Personne
  • 1860-1927

Tom price was born on Anthony Island. He was known to have been chief of Ninstints. His work was known to have been collected by Dr. C.F. Newcombe and Mr. Lansberg. He often used whale and fish designs and often inlaid bone, ivory, and shell into his work. He died in Prince Rupert at an estimated age of 66. For further information on his life and work please see the Masters' thesis by Trisha Corliss Glatthaar at http://hdl.handle.net/2429/35004

Alfred Wesley

  • Personne
  • 1865-1933

Alfred Wesley was a First Nations artist. His father was Haida and his mother was Haisla. He spent most of his life in Kitimaat. He learned to carve when he travelled with his family to Haida Gwaii in 1890, where he learned from several local artists. He is best known for his model totem poles.

Ping-ti Ho

  • Personne
  • 1917-2012

Dr. Ping-ti Ho was born in Tientsin, China, and completed his undergraduate degree at Tsinghua University before moving to the United States and completing his Doctorate at Columbia University in 1952. Although he began studying European history, he eventually shifted to the study of Imperial and ancient China. He began teaching at the University of British Columbia in 1948. He moved to the University of Chicago in 1963. Dr. Ping-ti Ho was one of the foundational members of the department of Asian Studies at the University of British Columbia and along with Dr. Ronald Dore, was instrumental in establishing the collection of asian materials at the University of British Columbia library. He was the first scholar of Asian descent to hold the position of of President of the Department of Asian Studies at the University of Chicago. He received several honorary doctorates during the course of his career.

Ronald Dore

  • Personne
  • February 1, 1925 - November 14, 2018

Dr. Ronald Dore was a British sociologist who specialized in the economy and society of Japan and the comparative study of types of capitalism. He began studying Japanese in 1942 when he was recruited, along with other sixth form boys, as part of an educational program for training in languages critical to the war effort. He completed his his undergraduate degree and undertook post-graduate studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies. He taught at the University of British Columbia from 1957 to 1960 before moving on to other institutions. Along with Dr. Ping-ti Ho, Dr. Ronald Dore was instrumental in building the library of Asian materials at the University of British Columbia. Over the course of his career he wrote and published many books and is widely regarded as a influential economic thinker of the 20th and 21st centuries.

Mary (Williamson) Eliot

  • Personne
  • March 22, 1930 - December 5, 2016

Born in Stoke-on-Trent, U.K., Mary (Williamson) Eliot was the wife of Charles William John Eliot, a noteworthy professor of Classics. She is known to have assisted Dr. Eliot in his work.

Charles William John Eliot

  • Personne
  • December 8, 1928 - May 20, 2008

Born in 1928 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, C.W.J. Eliot was the UBC Department of Classics' first professional archaeologist. He studied Classics at the University of Toronto, eventually seeing his dissertation published in 1962. He also studied at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. He began teaching at UBC in 1957 and stayed on until 1971 when he left for the American School of Classical studies at Athens to become professor of Archaeology there. He later served as President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Prince Edward Island.He was a member of the Order of Canada and was posthumously recognized as the founder of the University of Prince Edward Island.

Charles Gladstone

  • Personne
  • ca. 1877 -1954

Charles Gladstone was a Haida carver, of Skidegate, B.C. He was Bill Reid's grandfather.

Josephine Gladstone

  • Personne
  • ca. 1869 - 1932

Josephine Gladstone (nee Wilson) was born ca. 1869. She married Charlie Gladstone on February 4, 1892. They had three children: Magaret Janet (ca. 1892), Sophia (1895), and Edgar (1897). She died in Skidegate on March 12, 1932 at 63.

Karen J. Clark (Kuil)

  • Personne
  • [19--]

Karen J. Clark (née Kuil) graduated with a degree in Anthropology and Archaeology and a Teaching Certification from the University of Oregon. After completing her Master's in Anthropology, she accepted a teaching position in the Catholic Residential School of Lower Post (BC, Canada), where she moved in 1964. In 1965, she was hired by the school village to teach Indigenous children from grade 1 to 8 during the week and kindergarten on Sundays. The following year, she was transferred to Cassiar (BC, CA) where she taught the primary grades. In 1966 she was hired as the first teacher at a new school in Pelly Crossing (YT, Canada) where she taught Indigenous children who barely spoke English.
In 1967 Mrs. Clark went back to Cassiar where she married Paul Clark (a mining engineer). She continued teaching in Cassiar and, in 1968, published "Johny Joe" to help Indigenous students getting more engaged with reading.
In 1969, Mrs. Clark moved to Alaska, where she graduated in 1970 with a Master's in Teaching from the University of Alaska. That same year, she was hired at the Two Rivers School (30 miles from Fairbanks, AK, US) to teach grades 1 to 4.
In 1973, Mrs. Clark was awarded Teacher of the Year by Fairbanks and the State of Alaska. That same year, Mrs. Clark and her husband returned to Cassiar, where she was hired as a reading specialist to help teachers of the school district to teach and encourage reading among Indigenous children. In 1975, she published "Sun, Moon and Owl" with a grant from the BC Teacher's Federation.
In 1976, she took a year's leave of absence to gather materials to write a book for the Tahltan children that could be incorporated into the school curriculum. With help from many Indigenous people, she gathered materials from the Telegraph Creek area, resulting in the "Tahltan Native Studies."
In 1977, Mrs. Clark moved to Alberta, where she became the program specialist for the Rockyview school District. In 1984, she published "Language Experiences with Children's Stories" and "Once Upon a Time."
In 1988, she became principal of the Exshaw School, in Exshaw (AB, Canada), where the majority of the students came from the nearby Stoney Reserve.
Mrs. Clark retired in 1989 due to health issues.

Lilo Berliner

  • Personne
  • [19-] - Jan. 1977

Lilo Berliner was a librarian in the references division at the University of Victoria with an interest in First Nations art. She was also an acquaintance of Elizabeth Hill, a published author on petroglyphs found in British Columbia and the west coast of North America. Lilo Berliner travelled extensively throughout the west coast of North America, and especially Vancouver Island, visiting and photographing petroglyphs and other First Nations art. The discovery of a bowl petroglyph on Salt Spring Island prompted her to write a letter to Wilson Duff, anthropologist at the University of British Columbia, with whom she maintained a regular correspondence until his death. Shortly before her own passing, Lilo Berliner gave this correspondence to her close friend, Salt Spring Island based writer, Phyllis Webb.

Anthony Carter

  • 25
  • Personne
  • 1920 - 1992

Anthony Lawrence Carter, the late author, publisher and photo-journalist, was born on October 22, 1920 in Somerset, England. He and his family emigrated to Wallaceburg, Saskatchewan in 1926 and later moved to Goodsoil, Saskatchewan . The Carter family leased an acre on Lac des Isles where they farmed for a living. In 1938, Carter purchased his first camera and learned how to develop his own pictures using an old developer and instructions from a Kodak booklet. In 1939, he applied to the Royal Canadian Air Force and was accepted a year later. He continued with the RCAF and the British Institute of Sciences and Engineering until he was discharged in 1945. Following his time in the Air Force, Carter held his first public exhibit in Ontario of images he had taken across Canada. He also spent time at the First Nations village in Fort Rupert where he began building a collection of his own photographs of the community. In 1948, Carter began working for MacKenzie Barge & Derrick as a shipwright where he took his first commercial photograph and began selling prints widely. In 1951, he decided to go into child photography, which he did exclusively for three years. Carter was also an active photo-journalist in the marine and logging fields, which led to his contributions to journals such as Western Fisheries, Canadian Truck Logger and The British Motor Journal.

While photography was Carter’s main source of income during the 1950s, he also spent his summers fishing to make a living. Around 1960, Carter purchased a 60 foot fish packer, the Wamega. He was based in Klemtu at this time and collected the history and legends of the Kynoc and Kit-is-tu people, which appeared in his first book. Carter’s publications, which include This is Haida (1969), Somewhere Between (1968), From History's Locker (1968), Wamega (1960s), and Abundant Rivers (1972), were directly inspired by First Nations people and their culture. He also wrote a book called Snowshoeing for Everyone (1975). Carter was a poet and accompanied his photos with his own text. Additionally, he undertook all aspects of designing his books for publication. Carter also worked with the National Museum of Ethnology in Osaka, Japan to develop its Northwest Coast collection, and was a consultant to the Museum of Anthropology in Vancouver, B.C.

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