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Coast Salish
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Visions of Power, Symbols of Wealth Exhibition

The series contains slides relating to the exhibition Visions of Power Symbols of Wealth: Central Coast Salish Sculpture and Engraving. Images include exhibit views and various artifacts including masks, adzes, spindle whorls, mat creasers, and textiles.

Series includes --
Album 4: Slides 1-172
Album 5:
Sheet 1-2 Salish Exhibit 1 [exhibit views], Slides 1-1 – 1-29
Sheet 3-4 Salish Exhibit 2 [artifacts], Slides 2-1 – 2-39
Sheet 5-6 Salish Exhibit 3 [textiles, artifacts], Slides 3-1 – 3-35
Sheet 7 Salish Exhibit 4 [artifacts], Slides 4-1 – 4-19
Sheet 8-9 Salish Exhibit 5 [artifacts], Slides 5-1 – 5-36
Sheet 10-11 Salish Exhibit 6 [artifacts], Slides 6-1 – 6-35

Village People

File contains images of various First Nations Cultural groups from the Pacific Northwest. The images include negatives and slides of Northwest Coast villages, totem poles, longhouses, and First Nations peoples dressed in regalia.

Victoria B.C. Clams

Image is a posed portrait of a woman wearing what appears to be a Coast Salish woven cedar hat and carrying a basket of clams on her back. In the lower righthand corner of the image is a handwritten inscription which reads "Victoria B.C. Clams". Photographer information printed on verso with the inscription "Mrs. R. Maynard, Photographic Artist, And Dealer in all Kinds of PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS. Stereoscopic and Large Views of British Columbia and Vancouver Island for sale. Corner of Douglas and Johnson Sts, VICTORIA, B. C."

Vickie Jensen and Jay Powell fonds

  • 3
  • Fonds
  • 1969-2008

Fonds consists of records relating to the numerous culture and language projects that Powell and Jensen worked on since 1976. The communities with which they worked include:
• The Quileute of La Push
• The Kwakwaka’wakw of Alert Bay
• The Gitxsan of Kispiox, Gitanyow, and surrounding villages
• The Nuu-chah-nulth of Vancouver Island
• The Musqueam of Vancouver
• The Seton Lake St'at'imc (Lillooet) of Shalalth
• The Shuswap of Alkali Lake, Soda Creek, Dog Creek, Canim Lake, and Sugar Cane
• The Haisla of Kitamaat
• The Nisga’a of Gingolx (Kincolith) and New Aiyansh

Most of the projects had an end goal to produce a book, language education materials, or teacher training materials. Often the education materials incorporated cultural lessons throughout. The records created in the production of the books are varied and reflect the intrinsic connection between language, culture, and daily activities in the communities. Powell and Jensen were co-editors for nearly all of the language books and materials produced. Although some of the projects reflected in the records were done primarily by Powell or primarily by Jensen, the vast majority of the work involves collaboration between the two in some aspect. As Jensen and Powell immersed themselves in the communities they worked for, often their personal photographs and records are interspersed with those relating to their work. This community involvement enhanced their relationships with the people with whom they were working and allowed them to experience and participate in cultural activities as part of those communities. This close relationship is reflected in and is integral to their work. Jensen and Powell have two sons: Nels, born in 1978, and Luke, born in 1981. Their sons travelled with them to the communities in which they worked and lived, and on their work trips and sabbaticals. Nels and Luke are also present in many of the photographic records.

The records contain a mixture of research, field notes, administrative records, and publications at various stages, in addition to audio and visual records. Field notes, for the most part handwritten, and archival research into language and culture groups was undertaken by Powell, whilst the majority of the photography, found in a variety of formats, was done by Jensen. Manuscripts and final publications were a combined effort and are included at various stages. Administrative records, including grant proposals, are found throughout.

Fonds consists of 13 series of records. Series are arranged according to community and/or project, and include:

  1. Quileute
  2. Chinook Jargon
  3. Kwak’wala (U’Mista)
  4. Gitxsan
  5. Nuu-chah-nulth
  6. Salishan
  7. Shuswap
  8. Haisla
  9. Tait
  10. Northwest Coast artists
  11. Northwest Coast groups
  12. UBC totems/events
  13. Publications

Vickie Jensen and Jay Powell

Tsimshian and Tillamook Coast Salish songs recorded by Dr. Viola Garfield

Item is a recording with two distinct parts. The first part of the recording features Tsimshian songs recorded in 1932 by the American anthropologist Dr. Viola Garfield (1899-1983) of the University of Washington. The songs in this recording were sung by Lewis Grey (1857-1934) who was born in Port Simpson and was recognized as a shaman by the Nass River tribes and upper Skeen River people. The cylinder number referenced during the recording is #14573. The Dr. Viola Garfield fonds is housed at the University of Washington Special Collections. She carried out field work in the summer of 1932, 1935 and 1937 at the Tsimshian village of Port Simpson, British Columbia. An Ediphone machine provided by the University of Washington Anthropology Department was used to record and store the songs on wax cylinders, which were deposited at the University. The recordings were transferred to the open reel format in 1971. More information is available in Dr. Viola Garfield's book Tsimshian Clan and Society (1939), available in the MOA Reading Room, call number 12.7 TSI GAR.

The second portion of the recording starts at 8:26, when an unidentified male speaker states that the remainder of the tape are Tilamook recordings made by Prof Melville Jacobs of the University of Washington recorded in the Winter of 1933 using an Ediphone cylinder. The speaker states that the first three songs are Tillamook Coast Salish North West Orgeon songs, sung by Clara Pearson, the informant of Elizabeth Jacobs in late 1933, and recorded at Garibaldi, Oregon. The speaker states that two songs are possibly in one of the Muckleshoot Reservation dialects. The speaker states that Song 1, Tit Willow, is possibly sung by the American anthropologist Dr. Erna Gunther.

Accompanying documentation for this recording contains the following text:
B. Johnstone, November 15, 1971
Tsimshian Songs Recorded by Viola Garfield
Tape Two
000 - Song #18 - Louis Gray - Taunting Song
100 - Song #19 - Louis Gray - Nursing Song
145 - Song #20 - Louis Gray - Dancing Society song
180 - Tillamook recordings made by Jacobs in Garabaldi, Ore., 1933.
Ni-sgane’-s are a ganhada chief house of the ginad‚iks tribe

Salishan

Series contains records relating to Jensen and Powell’s work with the Salishan language groups in Musqueam and Shalalth territories, and events related to those communities. Although the records were created in a number of villages at different periods of time, Jensen and Powell arranged them together due to the linguistic connection they share.

In 1975 Powell received an Urgent Ethnology grant from the National Museum of Man (Now the Canadian Museum of Civilization) to do linguistic work in Kitamaat. However, this work fell through, and Powell contacted Arnold Guerin of the Musqueam band to discuss using the grant to prepare materials for Guerin’s Hunqum’i’num classes. Together they planned to produce three books: one of phonetics, one on grammar, and one on maths, with Jensen’s assistance in the layout and photography. From reel-to-reel recordings Powell and Paul Thiele of the UBC Library for the Blind produced cassettes to accompany the books. Only the first book was completed as planned, but Powell adapted the notes they had already taken to create two books for younger children. All of this resulted in Musqueam Language: Book 1 and Hunq’um’i’num for Kids: Books 1 & 2. Three years later in 1978 Leona Sparrow hired Jensen on grant money to teach a black and white photography course.

In 1989 the principal of the Shalalth School asked Powell to work with the band on language books. With Harold Oldman and Bev Frank he compiled materials for two books, which were not published. He also completed an alphabet sheet for the community to use.

Series also includes photographs taken by Jensen in 2003 of a ceremony returning city land to the Musequeam near Vanier Park.

Series comprises four sub-series:
A. Field notes and research
B. Publications
C. Musqueam photographs
D. Salishan audio recordings
E. Squamish photographs

Salish

File contains a combination of historical photographs depicting village life of the Coast Salish people, and modern day photographs of Salish artifacts housed in various museums around the world. The historical photographs contain images of Coast Salish peoples, totem poles, house posts, canoes, and petroglyphs. The modern day photographs contain images of Coast Salish artifacts such as blankets, spindle whorls, masks, carvings, house posts and totem poles, and household items such as combs and bowls. The textual records contained in this file are photocopies of images of Coast Salish artifacts housed in various museums around the world.

Project research

File contains the research materials for the project where McLennan acted as an adviser for the project. In addition, are images of Ruby Peter showing the process of mat making.

Northwest Coast groups

Series consists of photographs documenting events in various communities throughout British Columbia and Washington State. These include community photographs in Mt. Currie; the Salish Linguistic Conference in Oman, Washington State; a Robert Davidson Pole Raising; coverage of NWC artifacts at the National Museum of Copenhagen in Denmark; coverage of 1992 Nuxalk Potlatch at Bella Coola for Canadian Museum of Civilization; and photographs of a Haida bentwood box.

Between working on language and education projects, Jensen was often hired by communities to document important events, such as pole-raisings, conferences and potlatches. This series consists of the photographs taken at those events.

Northwest Coast architecture

File mainly contains information pertaining to the Northwest Coast Architecture project set up in Robson Square in 2002. The information includes copies of correspondence from McLennan to various stakeholders involved in the project, information about the longhouses and the families who lived in them, and photocopies of historical photographs. The photographs depict some historical photographs of longhouses as well as a model of the longhouse to be built for the project.

MOA News: The Newsletter of the UBC Museum of Anthropology, Vol II No 3, May 1997

The newsletter contains 6 articles about the museum as well as photographs, facsimiles of artworks, and general visitor information. Subjects include the erection of new house posts and an ancestral figure by Susan Point, a new school programme co-developed with the Musqueam Nation, the retirement of MOA director Dr. Michael Ames, the launch of MOA's first website, the continuation of Dr. Marjoire Halpin's multimedia project, and the donation and display of Ainu objects. Also included are a Calendar of Events and list of donors.

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