File 08 - Ans'pa yaxw (Kispiox) & Gitsegukla

[Old totem pole at Gitsegukla] [Downed trees and old oil cans, Hazelton area] Skeena River: [Ans'pa yaxw] (Kispiox), Kitwanga, Kitwankul, Kitselas, Gitsegukla, scenes fro... [Old carved house post, village of Chief Kitselas] [Unidentified totem pole, Hazelton area] [Bald eagle in tree, Hazelton area] [Old carved house post, village of Chief Kitselas] [Unidentified totem pole, Hazelton area] [Unidentified totem pole, Hazelton area] [Unidentified man, Hazelton area] [Unidentified man, Hazelton area] [Railroad tracks and river, Hazelton area] [Tree stumps or carving remains] [Kispiox totem poles] [Kispiox totem poles] [Unidentified man and woman, Hazelton area] [Unidentified man, Hazelton area] [Framed portrait of unidentified man] [Framed portrait of unidentified man] [Unidentified totem pole, Hazelton area]
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Ans'pa yaxw (Kispiox) & Gitsegukla

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  • Graphic material

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  • 1969-1972 (Creation)
    Anthony Carter

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Physical description

45 photographs : col. transparencies ; 10 x 13 cm and 6 x 6 cm
23 photographs : col. negatives ; 6 x 6 cm
1 photograph : b&w negative ; 6 x 6 cm
12 prints : b&w ; 6 x 6 cm
6 prints : col. ; 9 x 10 cm and 9 x 9 cm

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Name of creator

(1920 - 1992)

Biographical history

Anthony Lawrence Carter, the late author, publisher and photo-journalist, was born on October 22, 1920 in Somerset, England. He and his family emigrated to Wallaceburg, Saskatchewan in 1926 and later moved to Goodsoil, Saskatchewan . The Carter family leased an acre on Lac des Isles where they farmed for a living. In 1938, Carter purchased his first camera and learned how to develop his own pictures using an old developer and instructions from a Kodak booklet. In 1939, he applied to the Royal Canadian Air Force and was accepted a year later. He continued with the RCAF and the British Institute of Sciences and Engineering until he was discharged in 1945. Following his time in the Air Force, Carter held his first public exhibit in Ontario of images he had taken across Canada. He also spent time at the First Nations village in Fort Rupert where he began building a collection of his own photographs of the community. In 1948, Carter began working for MacKenzie Barge & Derrick as a shipwright where he took his first commercial photograph and began selling prints widely. In 1951, he decided to go into child photography, which he did exclusively for three years. Carter was also an active photo-journalist in the marine and logging fields, which led to his contributions to journals such as Western Fisheries, Canadian Truck Logger and The British Motor Journal.

While photography was Carter’s main source of income during the 1950s, he also spent his summers fishing to make a living. Around 1960, Carter purchased a 60 foot fish packer, the Wamega. He was based in Klemtu at this time and collected the history and legends of the Kynoc and Kit-is-tu people, which appeared in his first book. Carter’s publications, which include This is Haida (1969), Somewhere Between (1968), Wamega (1960s), and Abundant Rivers (1972), were directly inspired by First Nations people and their culture. Carter was a poet and accompanied his photos with his own text. Additionally, he undertook all aspects of designing his books for publication. Carter also worked with the National Museum of Ethnology in Osaka, Japan to develop its Northwest Coast collection, and was a consultant to the Museum of Anthropology in Vancouver, B.C.

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Scope and content

File consists of images of the Skeena River valley area in British Columbia, near Hazelton. Subjects include people, totem poles, scenery, and the the villages of Gitsegukla and Kitwancool.

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  • Box: Anthony Carter fonds 1