Title and statement of responsibility area
Harlan Smith collection
General material designation
- Graphic material
- Textual record
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
- Attributions and conjectures: Title taken from the content of the fonds.
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Class of material specific details area
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
1919-1925, 1999 (Creation)
- Harlan Smith
- Reproduction prints were created in 1999.
Physical description area
14 photographs : b&w
8 cm textual records : labels
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Harlan Ingersoll Smith was born in 1872 in East Saginaw, Michigan. He joined the Geological Survey of Canada as head of the Archaeology Division (now part of the Canadian Museum of Civilization) in 1911. His early work concentrated on excavating archaeological sites in Eastern Canada, and on Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands. Returning to British Columbia in 1920, Smith began ethnographic fieldwork among the Bella Coola (including the Nuxalk, Carrier and Chilcotin communities), concentrating on their use of plant and animal materials, social organization and ritual traditions. Smith was also a pioneering ethnographic filmmaker and photographer documenting Plains, Plateau and Northwest Coast Aboriginal people. He wrote and published many articles throughout his career. Smith retired from the Canadian Museum of Civilization in 1936 and died in 1940.
The original glass plate negatives were made by Harlan Smith from 1919 – 1925. The reproduction prints were made in 1999.
Scope and content
Fonds consists of photographic prints and text labels used in the “Emergence from the Shadow: First Peoples’ Photographic Perspective” exhibit at the Canadian Museum of Civilization, from October 22, 1999 to January 6, 2002. The images depict several different First Nations groups including Haida, Kimsquit, Bella Coola, Ulkatcho-Carrier, Chilcotin, Assiniboine, and Gitksan. The label text incorporates information which Smith recorded at the time of creation. It gives name and age (if known) of the sitters as well as lineage, employment, and style of dress.
Immediate source of acquisition
Records were donated to the Archives by the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Oversize box 34
Availability of other formats
Restrictions on access
Consult Archivist for details.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
All rights in the material, and any documentation, image and related text supplied by the Museum, including without limitation any copyrights, other than the non-exclusive permission granted herein, will remain vested in the Museum. If photographic labels are changed or altered, a mandatory credit line must be cited as follows: Courtesy of the Canadian Museum of Civilization, image no… Consult Archivist for details.
For any use other uses than exhibit purposes, including a publication, web site, or a CD-Rom, a written permission must be requested and if granted, licensing fees may then apply. For any request form a third party, individual or institution, that wishes to use or obtain copies of the material, the request must be redirected to the Canadian Museum of Civilization. Consult Archivist and case file for details.
See attached pdf document for full finding aid and file list.
Generated finding aid
No further accruals are expected.
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Dates of creation, revision and deletion
Revised December 8, 2015 (finding aid added)
Updated October 2019